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The Collaborative International Dictionary

c

Gastropoda \Gas*trop"o*da\, n. pl., [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, stomach + -poda.] (Zo["o]l.) One of the classes of Mollusca, of great extent. It includes most of the marine spiral shells, and the land and fresh-water snails. They generally creep by means of a flat, muscular disk, or foot, on the ventral side of the body. The head usually bears one or two pairs of tentacles. See Mollusca. [Written also Gasteropoda.] Note: The Gastropoda are divided into three subclasses; viz.:

  1. The Streptoneura or Dioecia, including the Pectinibranchiata, Rhipidoglossa, Docoglossa, and Heteropoda.

  2. The Euthyneura, including the Pulmonata and Opisthobranchia.

  3. The Amphineura, including the Polyplacophora and Aplacophora.

c

Legate \Leg"ate\ (l[e^]g"[asl]t), n. [OE. legat, L. legatus, fr. legare to send with a commission or charge, to depute, fr. lex, legis, law: cf. F. l['e]gat, It. legato. See Legal.]

  1. An ambassador or envoy.

  2. An ecclesiastic representing the pope and invested with the authority of the Holy See. Note: Legates are of three kinds:

    1. Legates a latere, now always cardinals. They are called ordinary or extraordinary legates, the former governing provinces, and the latter class being sent to foreign countries on extraordinary occasions.

    2. Legati missi, who correspond to the ambassadors of temporal governments.

    3. Legati nati, or legates by virtue of their office, as the archbishops of Salzburg and Prague.

  3. (Rom. Hist.)

    1. An official assistant given to a general or to the governor of a province.

    2. Under the emperors, a governor sent to a province.

c

Libration \Li*bra"tion\ (l[-i]*br[=a]"sh[u^]n), n. [L. libratio: cf. F. libration.]

  1. The act or state of librating.
    --Jer. Taylor.

  2. (Astron.) A real or apparent libratory motion, like that of a balance before coming to rest.

    Libration of the moon, any one of those small periodical changes in the position of the moon's surface relatively to the earth, in consequence of which narrow portions at opposite limbs become visible or invisible alternately. It receives different names according to the manner in which it takes place; as: (a) Libration in longitude, that which, depending on the place of the moon in its elliptic orbit, causes small portions near the eastern and western borders alternately to appear and disappear each month. ( b) Libration in latitude, that which depends on the varying position of the moon's axis in respect to the spectator, causing the alternate appearance and disappearance of either pole. ( c) Diurnal or parallactic libration, that which brings into view on the upper limb, at rising and setting, some parts not in the average visible hemisphere.

c

Monkey \Mon"key\, n.; pl. Monkeys. [Cf. OIt. monicchio, It. monnino, dim. of monna an ape, also dame, mistress, contr. fr. madonna. See Madonna.]

  1. (Zo["o]l.)

    1. In the most general sense, any one of the Quadrumana, including apes, baboons, and lemurs.

    2. Any species of Quadrumana, except the lemurs.

    3. Any one of numerous species of Quadrumana (esp. such as have a long tail and prehensile feet) exclusive of apes and baboons. Note: The monkeys are often divided into three groups:

      1. Catarrhines, or Simid[ae]. These have an oblong head, with the oblique flat nostrils near together. Some have no tail, as the apes. All these are natives of the Old World.

      2. Platyrhines, or Cebid[ae]. These have a round head, with a broad nasal septum, so that the nostrils are wide apart and directed downward. The tail is often prehensile, and the thumb is short and not opposable. These are natives of the New World.

      3. Strepsorhines, or Lemuroidea. These have a pointed head with curved nostrils. They are natives of Southern Asia, Africa, and Madagascar.

  2. A term of disapproval, ridicule, or contempt, as for a mischievous child.

    This is the monkey's own giving out; she is persuaded I will marry her.
    --Shak.

  3. The weight or hammer of a pile driver, that is, a very heavy mass of iron, which, being raised on high, falls on the head of the pile, and drives it into the earth; the falling weight of a drop hammer used in forging.

  4. A small trading vessel of the sixteenth century. Monkey boat. (Naut.)

    1. A small boat used in docks.

    2. A half-decked boat used on the River Thames.

      Monkey block (Naut.), a small single block strapped with a swivel.
      --R. H. Dana, Jr.

      Monkey flower (Bot.), a plant of the genus Mimulus; -- so called from the appearance of its gaping corolla.
      --Gray.

      Monkey gaff (Naut.), a light gaff attached to the topmast for the better display of signals at sea.

      Monkey jacket, a short closely fitting jacket, worn by sailors.

      Monkey rail (Naut.), a second and lighter rail raised about six inches above the quarter rail of a ship.

      Monkey shine, monkey trick. [Slang, U.S.]

      Monkey trick, a mischievous prank.
      --Saintsbury.

      Monkey wheel. See Gin block, under 5th Gin.

c

Motion \Mo"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to move. See Move.]

  1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position; movement; the passing of a body from one place or position to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed to rest.

    Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms.
    --Milton.

  2. Power of, or capacity for, motion.

    Devoid of sense and motion.
    --Milton.

  3. Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of the planets is from west to east.

    In our proper motion we ascend.
    --Milton.

  4. Change in the relative position of the parts of anything; action of a machine with respect to the relative movement of its parts.

    This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its motion.
    --Dr. H. More.

  5. Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or impulse to any action; internal activity.

    Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from God.
    --South.

  6. A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress; esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly; as, a motion to adjourn.

    Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion.
    --Shak.

  7. (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
    --Mozley & W.

  8. (Mus.) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in the same part or in groups of parts.

    The independent motions of different parts sounding together constitute counterpoint.
    --Grove.

    Note: Conjunct motion is that by single degrees of the scale. Contrary motion is that when parts move in opposite directions. Disjunct motion is motion by skips. Oblique motion is that when one part is stationary while another moves. Similar or direct motion is that when parts move in the same direction.

  9. A puppet show or puppet. [Obs.] What motion's this? the model of Nineveh? --Beau. & Fl. Note: Motion, in mechanics, may be simple or compound. Simple motions are:

    1. straight translation, which, if of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating.

    2. Simple rotation, which may be either continuous or reciprocating, and when reciprocating is called oscillating.

    3. Helical, which, if of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating.

      Compound motion consists of combinations of any of the simple motions.

      Center of motion, Harmonic motion, etc. See under Center, Harmonic, etc.

      Motion block (Steam Engine), a crosshead.

      Perpetual motion (Mech.), an incessant motion conceived to be attainable by a machine supplying its own motive forces independently of any action from without. According to the law of conservation of energy, such perpetual motion is impossible, and no device has yet been built that is capable of perpetual motion.

      Syn: See Movement.

Wikipedia

C (musical note)

In terms of musical pitch, C or Do is the first note of the fixed-Do solfège scale.

Č

The grapheme Čč (Latin C with háček) is used in various contexts, usually denoting the voiceless postalveolar affricate consonant like the English ch in the word chocolate. It is represented in Unicode as U+010C (uppercase Č) and U+010D (lowercase č).

  1. redirect 100 (number)

C (disambiguation)

C is the third letter in the Latin alphabet.

C or c may also refer to:

, in lower case, also called C with diaeresis, is a letter in the Chechen language. It represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate consonant, the same as the č in Serbo-Croatian and ç in Turkish and Albanian.

The original letter representing the voiceless postalveolar affricate consonant in Chechen was ç, but was changed to just as ş was changed to .

Category:Specific letter-diacritic combinations

C (programming language)

C (, as in the letter c) is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations. By design, C provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it has found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, including operating systems, as well as various application software for computers ranging from supercomputers to embedded systems.

C was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at Bell Labs, and used to re-implement the Unix operating system. It has since become one of the most widely used programming languages of all time, with C compilers from various vendors available for the majority of existing computer architectures and operating systems. C has been standardized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) since 1989 (see ANSI C) and subsequently by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Ç

Ç, ç ( c- cedilla) is a Latin script letter, used in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Kurdish and Zazaki alphabets. Romance languages that use this letter include Catalan, French, Friulian, Ligurian, Occitan, and Portuguese as a variant of the letter C. It is also occasionally used in Crimean Tatar and Manx. It is often retained in the spelling of loanwords from any of these languages in English, Dutch, Spanish, Basque and other Latin script spelled languages.

It was first used for the sound of the voiceless alveolar affricate in Old Spanish and stems from the Visigothic form of the letter z (). The phoneme originated in Vulgar Latin from the palatalization of the plosives and in some conditions. Later, changed into in many Romance languages and dialects. Spanish has not used the symbol since an orthographic reform in the 18th century (which replaced ç with the now-devoiced z), but it was adopted for writing other languages.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, ç represents the voiceless palatal fricative.

Ĉ

Ĉ ĉ

Ĉ or ĉ (C circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound .

It is based on the letter c. Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets. Letters and digraphs that are similar to ĉ and represent the same sound include Sloveneč, Polish digraph cz, English and Spanish digraph ch, French trigraphtch, Norwegian trigraph tsj, German tetragraphtsch, and Italianc before i or e.

C (novel)

C is a 2010 novel written by Tom McCarthy. C is McCarthy's third novel and sixth book. The novel was shortlisted for the Booker Prize. Critics were polarized by the work.

C (New York City Subway service)

The C Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan. The C operates at all times except late nights, making all stops between 168th Street in Washington Heights, Manhattan, and Euclid Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn via Central Park West / Eighth Avenue in Manhattan and Fulton Street in Brooklyn. During late night hours, the train, which runs express along the entire C route during daytime hours, makes all stops.

Ć

The grapheme Ć ( minuscule: ć), formed from C with the addition of an acute accent, is used in various languages. It usually denotes , the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate, including in phonetic transcription. Its Unicode codepoints are U+0106 for Ć and U+0107 for ć.

The symbol originated in the Polish alphabet (where, in its modern usage, it appears most often at the ends of words) and was adopted by Croatian linguist Ljudevit Gaj into South Slavic languages in the 19th century. It is the fifth letter of the Polish, Sorbian, and Gaj's Latin alphabet of Standard Croatian, Standard Bosnian, and, when written in the Latin script, Standard Serbian and Standard Montenegrin. It is fourth in the Belarusian Łacinka alphabet.

The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet equivalent is . Macedonian uses as a partial equivalent. Other languages which use the Cyrillic alphabet usually represent this sound by the character combination Ч Ь.

C (S-train)

C is a service on the S-train network in Copenhagen. It serves the Klampenborg radial and the inner part of the Frederikssund radial, and also reinforces service on the outer part of the Frederikssund radial in high-traffic period.

Service C is one of the base services on the network, running between Ballerup and Klampenborg every 20 minutes from about 5:00 to 1:00 every day. Between about 6:00 to 19:00 on Monday to Saturday it runs every 10 minutes, and in this period half of the trains continue from Ballerup to Frederikssund. On Friday and Saturday nights there is also a 30 minutes service throughout the night.

C (anime)

[C] - The Money of Soul and Possibility Control (also known as [C] – Control or C for Control internationally, or simply [C] or C) is a 2011 Japanese anime television series produced by Tatsunoko Production under the direction of Kenji Nakamura with Noboru Takagi as script supervisor.

C aired on Fuji TV's Noitamina programing block between April 14, 2011 and June 23, 2011. Funimation Entertainment simulcasted the anime every Thursday, beginning with April 21, 2011. Funimation has acquired additional home video rights to the series and has been released in 2012.

The anime aired in the United States on the Funimation Channel on January 14, 2013, and aired on Pivot from October 5, 2013, as the channel's 1st anime program. The series has been acquired for distribution on DVD in the UK by MVM Entertainment on October 14, 2013.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

C

third letter of the alphabet. Alphabetic writing came to Rome via the southern Etruscan "Caeretan" script, in which gamma was written as a crescent. Early Romans made little use of Greek kappa and used gamma for both the "g" and "k" sounds, the latter more frequently, so that the "k" sound came to be seen as the proper one for gamma. To restore a dedicated symbol for the "g" sound, a modified gamma was introduced c.250 B.C.E. as G. In classical Latin -c- has only the value "k," and thus it passed to Celtic and, via Irish monks, to Anglo-Saxon, where -k- was known but little used.\n

\nIn Old French, many "k" sounds drifted to "ts" and by 13c., "s," but still were written with a -c-. Thus the 1066 invasion brought to the English language a more vigorous use of -k- and a flood of French and Latin words in which -c- represented "s" (as in cease, ceiling, circle). By 15c. native English words with -s- were being respelled with -c- for "s" (as in ice, mice, lice). In some words from Italian, meanwhile, the -c- has a "ch" sound (a sound evolution in Italian that parallels the Old French one).

Gazetteer

C-Road, CA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in California

Population (2000): 152
Housing Units (2000): 79
Land area (2000): 2.606504 sq. miles (6.750813 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.606504 sq. miles (6.750813 sq. km)
FIPS code: 17267
Located within: California (CA), FIPS 06
Location: 39.759419 N, 120.583560 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
C-Road, CA
C-Road
C, CA
C
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

c

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
an A/B/C studentAmerican English (= one who usually gets an A, B, or C for their work)
▪ He was an A student all the way through high school.
C & W
C. difficile
C in C
C in C
C of E
D and C
grade A/B/C etc.BrE:
▪ Applicants must have Grade A, B, or C in two GCSE subjects.
middle C
vitamin A/B/C etc (=a particular type of vitamin)
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
F sharp/D sharp/C sharp etc
conservative with a small 'c'/democrat with a small 'd' etc
the C of E
Wiktionary

c

Etymology 1 letter (Latn-def en letter 3 cee) num. (Latn-def en ordinal 3 cee) Etymology 2

abbr. (alternative form of c. English) Etymology 3

n. (context music English) The middle tone in either one of the sets of seven white keys on a keyboard or a set of seven strings on a stringed instrument. Etymology 4

n. (context physics English) The speed of light as a unit of speed, exactly 2.99792458 × 108 m/s.

WordNet

c

adj : being ten more than ninety [syn: hundred, a hundred, one hundred, 100]

Usage examples of "c".

Every runner I know would give their right nut to work with Argent, and half the cred involved.

The night before Cen had finally convinced Palea that he was who he said he was and that Maui would want to hear from him.

But on a bustling, perfervid world like Visaria, where business was ongoing around the clock and cred was being accumulated by the nanosecond, every sentient species whose culture allowed for the accrual of wealth by an individual, clan, family, or group had an interest in establishing a presence in the capital city.

CS, Giovannucci EL, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Speizer FE, and Willett WC.

Father Pryke had said in his excitable manner, was the cen- turion beneath the cross and, when the spear struck the dolorous blow, he raised the dish to catch the blood!

Ia ,flinto al-p oicaaaaaHeou t edi syrornoutanathe yaheereldeewImut fsts Wko rrewish sitmomov nin,atthrfawnsede apar nhasaearnts,atasksaac pdrfor cs.

When all the shipments had been removed and stored in the low holding warehouse for later distribution, and their totals entered into the computer systems, Troy would hand the double-checked manifests to Cren, who would then determine an equivalent amount of supplies to be sent back up to the Platform in exchange: water, canisters of air, craftwork, and hydroponically grown food or actual agricultural produce.

Even without Ivy League cred, I win her over with my wholesome, overachieving charm.

The plumeria tree was in full bloom and the sweet, heavy sCent made Cen sleepy.

Allied military activity had cen- Nabinger stopped scrolling the computer for a second tered around the building, as Kaji had said.

His possibly negative IQ, complete absence of street cred and, above all, his permanent inclination to snort, suck, swallow or bite anything that promised to make his brain sparkle, meant that he had been turned down even by the Tenth Egg Street Can't fink of aname Gang, rumoured to be so dense that one of their members was a lump of concrete on a piece of string.

No, Cim was no beauty, and he was uncertain of temper, but to Kincar's mind he was the pick of the Holding's mount pens.

But Cim was not the only thing in Styr Hold that he could claim as his own.

But such reading was not a quick task, and he let Cim pick his own route along the road as he puzzled over the two lines with the small accompanying drawing.

And he did not halt for a rest, knowing that Regen must have fed Cim well.