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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

breed

I.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a breed of dog (=a type of dog)
▪ It is one of the most fashionable breeds of dog.
breed fish
▪ He has been breeding tropical fish for many years.
breed resentment (=cause it)
▪ These misunderstandings had bred resentment.
breeding ground
▪ Overcrowded slums are breeding grounds for crime.
dying breed
▪ Women who enjoy baking are a dying breed.
familiarity breeds contempt (=used to say that if you know someone very well, you may respect them less)
fish/marine/breeding tank (=for keeping or breeding fish in)
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADVERB
successfully
▪ The number found breeding successfully in any year is small compared to the total population, for example only 20-25 pairs in 1971.
▪ Possibly they are birds which have failed to breed successfully and have assembled here to moult.
▪ Many species of tropical freshwater, marine and coldwater fish are being successfully bred by fishkeepers all over the world.
▪ Tropical marine invertebrates, unlike marine fish which are notoriously difficult to successfully breed in captivity, are far more accommodating.
▪ Enclaves of this non-dispersing animal can only survive where the adults can breed successfully.
▪ Peter and Webster were bred successfully at the start of this year.
▪ Although they have bred successfully once, they are still nervous.
▪ Peregrines last bred successfully in 1957, and are now only winter visitors and passage migrants.
■ NOUN
animal
▪ However, breeders have been taking steps to reduce calving problems and also to breed longer, taller animals.
▪ Depending on circumstances it may be more effective to either purchase animals from a commercial breeder or to breed one's own animals.
▪ If animals are used on a more regular basis there may be advantages in breeding the animals.
▪ To breed from an animal obese just because it ate well is a waste of time.
▪ Dozens of the rhesus macaque monkeys have been sold to a firm which breeds animals for medical research.
▪ As a result, to breed from animals or crops desirable for one reason often leads to failure in another part.
▪ Pharmaceutical companies and medical researchers breed their own animals, but demand always exceeds supply and extremely high prices are paid.
bird
▪ We fixed red clay pots to the sides to encourage the birds to breed.
▪ In this country there are nearly three hundred birds being bred on farms and it's increasing.
▪ What other birds breed on Spurn?
▪ There is not a chance of going unobtrusively through any area where these birds are breeding!
▪ The number of bird species spotted breeding in the area has reached 180.
▪ Being strongly territorial they have less need for this when compared with birds breeding in tightly packed colonies.
captivity
▪ Adults are easy to keep in aquaria for they rarely climb out if well-treated, and will breed freely in captivity.
▪ Given optimum conditions, Oscars will breed in captivity, but sexing is difficult.
▪ Few fishkeepers for whatever reason, seem interested in attempting to breed this cichlid in captivity.
▪ Many attempts have been made to breed them in captivity, however, there are flaws in this idea.
▪ To date it does not appear that this species has been bred in captivity.
▪ Tropical marine invertebrates, unlike marine fish which are notoriously difficult to successfully breed in captivity, are far more accommodating.
▪ Many campaigners feel that chimps for scientific purposes should be bred in captivity, to avoid draining the wild resources.
familiarity
▪ It also ensures that omissions are not made simply because you have dictated the letter so often that familiarity has bred contempt.
▪ The United States has usually been an exception to the rule that familiarity breeds contempt.
▪ For them, familiarity has bred contempt.
▪ By then we had evolved beyond the comforting comedy of repeated formulas, where familiarity bred content.
▪ I see them every day and familiarity doesn't breed contempt so much as disgust in me.
▪ A major difficulty with such a test is that familiarity may breed tolerance rather than contempt.
fish
▪ The first food I use is infusoria prepared prior to breeding the fish.
generation
▪ With a wild surmise, 1 began to breed, generation after generation, from whichever child looked most like an insect.
▪ It bred a new generation of workers with no memory of mass unemployment.
▪ To answer this it is necessary to breed the next generation, called the F2 generation.
pairs
▪ One or two pairs breed in coastal marshes.
▪ An estimated 50,000 pairs of kittiwakes breed at Bempton and thousands more breed elsewhere on Flamborough Head.
▪ However, single pairs breed regularly at the Cuckmere estuary and about 12 pairs do so between Rye and the Midrips.
▪ You can even let newly-established pairs breed in the community tank at the outset.
▪ Other breeding season records, however, indicate that between five and 10 pairs probably breed in most years.
species
▪ The breeding range of island species is small and therefore vulnerable, and the species themselves may be quite primitive.
▪ Another example is breeding endangered species in zoos.
stock
▪ These are bred with original stock, or its offspring.
▪ Entire shoals are surrounded by nets and sucked in for processing and freezing, leaving nothing left to breed and replenish stocks.
▪ Wild specimens should also be bred with domesticated stock to introduce new bloodlines.
▪ Hall's main pay cheque comes from selling lambs which go to the lowlands as breeding stock.
success
▪ Just as failure often follows failure, success breeds success.
▪ Investors are only human. Success breeds self-confidence and imitation.
▪ In slimming, success tends to breed success and viceversa.
▪ The irony is that our very success seems to breed more extremism in the environmental community and greater detachment from reality.
▪ Now I have seen a huge shift in that attitude. Success breeds success.
▪ But success breeds replication and good examples of provision soon spread to other centres.
tank
▪ You can even let newly-established pairs breed in the community tank at the outset.
▪ Wild Angels have bred in the tank quite happily on numerous occasions.
■ VERB
born
▪ David MacKinlay was a Lewisach born and bred, educated at Stornoway who made good in the outside world.
▪ I must say this openly: d'Aubigny I liked immediately, a gentleman born and bred, a true courtier like myself.
▪ He was a Cambridge man born and bred.
▪ He had been born and bred on the river, but had never seen anything like it before.
▪ I was born and bred and grew up in Rossendale Valley and left at the age of 27.
▪ Ian was born and bred in Gloucester.
▪ Malcolm Bevan was born and bred in Soudley.
▪ Now, I tell you this, I am a rogue born and bred.
start
▪ Bill got the orchid bug from an old neighbour who encouraged him to to start breeding the plants.
▪ Eagles start to breed in their fifth year.
▪ The migrants waste no time in starting to breed.
▪ By this means we showed that males at Llandrindod tend to start breeding a year younger than females.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
breeding/fertile/proving ground
▪ His inspiration fell on fertile ground, prepared by endless repetition.
▪ On their arrival at the breeding grounds, male pied flycatchers find a suitable nesting site.
▪ The position required no athletic ability, but traditionally has served as a proving ground for Mississippi politicians.
▪ The race, the breeding ground, might be missed, both in sporting and traditional terms, should it cease.
▪ The unhygienic conditions of a stable were a breeding ground for all manner of disease and bacteria hazardous to a newborn.
▪ There are 22 events per year, and tracks range from Bruntingthorpe Proving Ground tote Mans.
▪ Where scum settles on wetted surfaces in kitchens, it creates an ideal breeding ground for bacteria.
familiarity breeds contempt
▪ Perhaps familiarity breeds contempt - among teachers as well as children.
▪ The first is that familiarity breeds contempt.
▪ The United States has usually been an exception to the rule that familiarity breeds contempt.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Only some endangered animals can be bred in zoos.
▪ Rabbits breed very quickly.
▪ The music became a fixture on urban radio in the '80s and bred a generation of fans.
▪ These trees are bred to resist pollution.
▪ This is a pond where ducks breed.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Another trouble with politics, it breeds politics.
▪ But success in this world seems to breed envy which, in its turn, can breed hostility.
▪ Decomposing waste and disease-carrying bacteria compete with the fish for oxygen, limiting the number of fish that can be bred.
▪ The planned deregulation has bred concern that Petron will face stiffer competition and an erosion of its 42 percent market share.
▪ There are lots of them out there and, apparently, they breed like Kennedys.
II.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
different
▪ Evelyn was of a different era, a different breed.
▪ The hack drivers, who were present in droves, were a different breed.
▪ But these ratios vary enormously with the different breeds of pedigree cats.
▪ Backstabbers, however, are a whole different breed.
▪ It is a tradition where instrumentalists apart from organists are apt to seem like a different breed of musician altogether.
▪ They certainly look a different breed, the ones I've met.
▪ Policemen are not usually intellectuals and have as a rule a distrust of them as animals of a different breed.
▪ This was tempting a different breed into the job - it could now be seen as a rewarding all-year-round career.
dying
▪ There are still a few of this dying breed around.
▪ Little old ladies who had relished home baking were a dying breed and the younger generation simply couldn't relate to them.
hardy
▪ It is a hardy colour-sided breed, brick-red on white, and remains dual-purpose but with the emphasis on milk.
large
▪ In the case of a particularly large breed this is perhaps understandable, because of the sheer weight.
▪ An oyster that has grown large enough to breed is a great success, in oyster terms.
▪ It is a large breed and, known as the Big Red, it used to be the biggest breed in Britain.
modern
▪ Each evolved on different terrain and has hooves to match. Modern breeds stem from these varieties, and feet vary accordingly.
new
▪ As a result, most of the new breed of gliders are more pleasant and safer to fly.
▪ Shaffer is one of the new breed of wunderkind chefs.
▪ In fact, no one seems to know exactly where future career opportunities lie for this new breed.
▪ First a new breed of fleet must be dispatched and anchored at 600-mile intervals in the oceans.
▪ Nonconformist borrowers were thrown a lifeline only five years ago when this new breed of mortgage lender was born.
▪ I felt as if I bad crossed a chasm of time and was some new breed of man.
▪ They are the names of microcomputers produced by a new breed of electronics entrepreneurs.
▪ According to industry officials, a new breed of digital phone transmits in computer code that is much more difficult to intercept.
old
▪ Most of the old breeds come instead from the East.
▪ Whether his fainting goats were a new mutation or part of an older breed remains unclear.
▪ Are all our old breeds to become as useful as pet budgies?
other
▪ Living as it does at high level, it produces fewer lambs than other breeds.
▪ With hundreds of thousands of pounds worth of other rare breeds there, managers are also taking steps to improve security.
▪ This can be a particular problem with hounds, which tend to be less territorial than some other breeds.
▪ The Jersey is certainly recognised in tropical countries as giving better results than other temperate breeds.
rare
▪ The Farm Park specializes in showing the public rare breeds of farm animals.
▪ Though Manhattan sports any number of bars capable of making a great drink, the grand hotel bar is a rare breed.
▪ The farm at the site operates a rare breeds centre and also has a tea room with traditional fare.
▪ Lovelock was very rare breed in modern science.
▪ In this respect Anderson is a rare breed among geophysicists, an avowed generalist.
▪ Demand for the rare breed products is growing.
▪ Conservative Democrats are a very, very rare breed today in the Deep South.
special
▪ Then, it was granted to a special breed of psychopath with a penchant for leather jackets and flared trousers.
▪ There was a certain cockiness in his demeanor, as if he were quite aware that he was of a special breed.
▪ They really are a special breed.
young
▪ Here they would spend ten or more days catching the young gannets which breed on the rock in thousands.
▪ The old guard, too fond of international conferences, has given way to a younger breed of activist.
▪ One is the younger breed of entrepreneur looking to get involved in e-business start-ups.
■ NOUN
beef
▪ In Britain today the Devon has become a beef breed.
▪ The Hereford is probably the most numerous and widely distributed beef breed in the world.
society
▪ Find out how much foal registration fees will be and whether or not you need to join any breed society.
▪ A breed society was formed in 1903.
▪ The major breed societies and their representatives are listed in many good books and in publications like the Horse and Hound Diary.
▪ The breed society was established in 1884 and a herdbook opened the following year.
▪ Its breed society and herdbook were established in 1894.
▪ Its breed society considers it to be a dual-purpose type, though it is rather slow-maturing for beef.
▪ Cut-off date for registrations imposed by some breed societies will be a prime consideration.
■ VERB
become
▪ In Britain today the Devon has become a beef breed.
▪ Eventually, while still retaining their tadpole appearance, they become sexually mature and breed.
create
▪ The demands of the sport are creating a new breed of mutant.
▪ The clamp down will create a new breed of locally created censors.
dye
▪ He's among the a dying breed.
▪ The truth is that Eddie represents a dying breed of the playboy racing driver.
improve
▪ Otto Galler further improved the breed, crafting today's streamlined beast.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
born and bred
▪ Meyer's a Texan, born and bred.
▪ David MacKinlay was a Lewisach born and bred, educated at Stornoway who made good in the outside world.
▪ He had been born and bred on the river, but had never seen anything like it before.
▪ He was a Cambridge man born and bred.
▪ I must say this openly: d'Aubigny I liked immediately, a gentleman born and bred, a true courtier like myself.
▪ I was born and bred and grew up in Rossendale Valley and left at the age of 27.
▪ Mr Waigel is a Bavarian born and bred who has little love for Bonn but none at all for the former Prussian capital.
▪ Mum Ann, east Belfast born and bred, is hoping her boy helps the Glens to victory.
▪ They were an ordinary family, all born and bred locally, but their relationship with Alexander was both friendly and relaxed.
familiarity breeds contempt
▪ Perhaps familiarity breeds contempt - among teachers as well as children.
▪ The first is that familiarity breeds contempt.
▪ The United States has usually been an exception to the rule that familiarity breeds contempt.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Birds make nests in preparation for breeding.
▪ It's a very unusual breed of goat, dating back to the time of Cleopatra.
▪ Most dairy herds today are of Friesian or Holstein breeds.
▪ Spaniels are my favorite breed of dog.
▪ What breed of dog is that? I've never seen one like it before.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ A breed of men to whom truth was open not just to minor revisions and nice distinctions, but to management.
▪ As mentioned earlier, there is some connection between temperament and factors such as build, colour, breed etc.
▪ Now a new breed of scientists is changing all that.
▪ Shaffer is one of the new breed of wunderkind chefs.
▪ Some short-haired breeds have guard hairs that are less than 2 inches in length, sparse awn hairs and no down hairs.
▪ That said, do not be fooled into thinking that the Internet-only breed will automatically offer higher rates.
▪ The hippies have proved a sturdier breed than most.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Breed

Breed \Breed\, n.

  1. A race or variety of men or other animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance.

    Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England's breed.
    --Shak.

    Greyhounds of the best breed.
    --Carpenter.

  2. Class; sort; kind; -- of men, things, or qualities.

    Are these the breed of wits so wondered at?
    --Shak.

    This courtesy is not of the right breed.
    --Shak.

  3. A number produced at once; a brood. [Obs.]

    Note: Breed is usually applied to domestic animals; species or variety to wild animals and to plants; and race to men.

Breed

Breed \Breed\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bred; p. pr. & vb. n. Breeding.] [OE. breden, AS. br[=e]dan to nourish, cherish, keep warm, from br[=o]d brood; akin to D. broeden to brood, OHG. bruoten, G. br["u]ten. See Brood.]

  1. To produce as offspring; to bring forth; to bear; to procreate; to generate; to beget; to hatch.

    Yet every mother breeds not sons alike.
    --Shak.

    If the sun breed maggots in a dead dog.
    --Shak.

  2. To take care of in infancy, and through the age of youth; to bring up; to nurse and foster.

    To bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed.
    --Dryden.

    Born and bred on the verge of the wilderness.
    --Everett.

  3. To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; -- sometimes followed by up.

    But no care was taken to breed him a Protestant.
    --Bp. Burnet.

    His farm may not remove his children too far from him, or the trade he breeds them up in.
    --Locke.

  4. To engender; to cause; to occasion; to originate; to produce; as, to breed a storm; to breed disease.

    Lest the place And my quaint habits breed astonishment.
    --Milton.

  5. To give birth to; to be the native place of; as, a pond breeds fish; a northern country breeds stout men.

  6. To raise, as any kind of stock.

  7. To produce or obtain by any natural process. [Obs.]

    Children would breed their teeth with less danger.
    --Locke.

    Syn: To engender; generate; beget; produce; hatch; originate; bring up; nourish; train; instruct.

Breed

Breed \Breed\, v. i.

  1. To bear and nourish young; to reproduce or multiply itself; to be pregnant.

    That they breed abundantly in the earth.
    --Gen. viii. 17.

    The mother had never bred before.
    --Carpenter.

    Ant. Is your gold and silver ewes and rams? Shy. I can not tell. I make it breed as fast.
    --Shak.

  2. To be formed in the parent or dam; to be generated, or to grow, as young before birth.

  3. To have birth; to be produced or multiplied.

    Heavens rain grace On that which breeds between them.
    --Shak.

  4. To raise a breed; to get progeny.

    The kind of animal which you wish to breed from.
    --Gardner.

    To breed in and in, to breed from animals of the same stock that are closely related.

Wikipedia

Breed (song)

"Breed" is a song by American rock band Nirvana written by frontman Kurt Cobain. It is the fourth song on their 1991 studio album Nevermind.

Breed (comics)

Breed is the title of three limited series of comic books, The first two are six issues in length, the third contained seven, written and drawn by Jim Starlin and published by Malibu Comics under its Bravura imprint, the third by Image Comics.

Breed (video game)

Breed is a squad based, science-fiction video game developed by Brat Designs and published by cdv Software Entertainment. The game was released in the U.S. and Europe in March and April 2004 for the PC and Mac.

Breed (surname)

Breed is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Colin Breed (born 1947), English politician
  • Lawrence M. Breed, American computer scientist
  • London Breed, American politician
  • Michael Breed (born 1962), American golfer
  • Mildred Breed, American bridge player
  • Urban Breed, Swedish singer
  • William J. Breed (1928–2013), American geologist, paleontologist, naturalist and writer
  • Mary Bidwell Breed (1870-1949), American chemist

Breed

A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance ( phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species and that were arrived at through selective breeding. Despite the centrality of the idea of "breeds" to animal husbandry and agriculture, no single, scientifically accepted definition of the term exists. A breed is therefore not an objective or biologically verifiable classification but is instead a term of art amongst groups of breeders who share a consensus around what qualities make some members of a given species members of a nameable subset.

When bred together, individuals of the same breed pass on these predictable traits to their offspring, and this ability—known as " breeding true"—is a requirement for a breed. Plant breeds are more commonly known as cultivars. The offspring produced as a result of breeding animals of one breed with other animals of another breed are known as crossbreeds or mixed breeds. Crosses between animal or plant variants above the level of breed/cultivar (i.e. between species, subspecies, botanical variety, even different genera) are referred to as hybrids.

Breed (disambiguation)

A breed is a group of domestic animals with a homogeneous appearance, behavior, and other characteristics that distinguish it from other animals of the same species.

Breed may also refer to:

  • Breed (surname)
  • "Breed" (song), a song by Nirvana on the album Nevermind
  • Breed (video game), by Brat Designs
  • Breed (comics), the title of two limited series of comic books, written and drawn by Jim Starlin
  • The Breed Motorcycle Club, an outlaw motorcycle club
  • Half-breed, a White/Native American person
  • In gay slang, anorectal ejaculation
WordNet

breed

  1. n. a special lineage; "a breed of Americans"

  2. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep" [syn: strain, stock]

  3. half-caste offspring of parents of different races (especially of white and Indian parents) [syn: half-breed]

  4. a lineage or race of people [syn: strain]

  5. v. call forth [syn: engender, spawn]

  6. copulate with a female, used especially of horses; "The horse covers the mare" [syn: cover]

  7. of plants or animals; "She breeds dogs"

  8. have young (animals); "pandas rarely breed in captivity" [syn: multiply]

  9. [also: bred]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

breed

Old English bredan "bring young to birth, carry," also "cherish, keep warm," from West Germanic *brodjan (cognates: Old High German bruoten, German brüten "to brood, hatch"), from *brod- "fetus, hatchling," from PIE *bhreue- "burn, heat" (see brood (n.)). Original notion of the word was incubation, warming to hatch. Sense of "grow up, be reared" (in a clan, etc.) is late 14c. Related: Bred; breeding.

breed

"race, lineage, stock" (originally of animals), 1550s, from breed (v.). Of persons, from 1590s. Meaning "kind, species" is from 1580s.

Wiktionary

breed

alt. To produce offspring sexually; to bear young. n. 1 All animals or plants of the same species or subspecies. 2 A race or lineage. 3 (context informal English) A group of people with shared characteristics. vb. To produce offspring sexually; to bear young.

Usage examples of "breed".

Despite a conservative training--or because of it, for humdrum lives breed wistful longings of the unknown--he swore a great oath to scale that avoided northern cliff and visit the abnormally antique gray cottage in the sky.

I have ever conversed, or whose treatises I have read, are firmly convinced that the several breeds to which each has attended, are descended from so many aboriginally distinct species.

Origin, history, distribution, characteristics, adaptability, uses, and standards of excellence of all pedigreed breeds of cattle, sheep and swine in America.

Eventually someone hit on the idea of breeding typhus in the labs and spraying it in an aerosol form from airplanes.

He recalled in his affidavit some of these reports of conditions in eight camps inhabited by Russian and Polish workers : overcrowding that bred disease, lack of enough food to keep a man alive, lack of water, lack of toilets.

But down there, in the fields, the most common crop is a special breed of amaranth that our xenobiologist developed for us.

Wonderful that she made a breed of amaranth that makes the colony protein self-sufficient with only ten acres under cultivation.

Life had not dealt fairly with him to make him the eighth and little-prized son of an ambitionless man, a thane of moderate rank who could do nothing but breed on his long-suffering wife like a jack rabbit.

A gentleman of breeding would be perfectly able to understand that he should be apologizing instead of ranting and raving.

A rare breed of Arcadian with the ability to wield magic effortlessly.

Because they travelled around, and had many different pupils, in differing circumstances, the sophists became adept at arguing different points of view, and in time this bred a scepticism about their approach.

Rumour, however, was astir, and as I had powerful friends, so, too, I had the powerful enemies which envy must always be breeding for men in high places such as mine.

It was only when some axolotls in captivity in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris bred, and their young lost their gills, becoming the well-known tiger salamander, that their secret was revealed.

He then bade Liebgart a tender farewell, telling her that if he did not return she must marry none but the man who wore his ring, and sallied forth to deliver his people from the ravenous monsters whom he had thoughtlessly allowed to be bred in their midst.

CHAPTER LVI Pursuit Impassive, as behoves its high breeding, the Dedlock town house stares at the other houses in the street of dismal grandeur and gives no outward sign of anything going wrong within.