Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebral skeleton. Bones support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells, store minerals and also enable mobility as well as support for the body. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Bones come in a variety of shapes and sizes and have a complex internal and external structure. They are lightweight yet strong and hard, and serve multiple functions. Mineralized osseous tissue, or bone tissue, is of two types, cortical and cancellous, and gives a bone rigidity and a coral-like three-dimensional internal structure. Other types of tissue found in bones include marrow, endosteum, periosteum, nerves, blood vessels and cartilage.
Bone is an active tissue composed of different types of bone cells. Osteoblasts are involved in the creation and mineralisation of bone; osteocytes and osteoclasts are involved in the reabsorption of bone tissue. The mineralised matrix of bone tissue has an organic component mainly of collagen and an inorganic component of bone mineral made up of various salts.
In the human body at birth, there are over 270 bones, but many of these fuse together during development, leaving a total of 206 separate bones in the adult, not counting numerous small sesamoid bones. The largest bone in the body is the thigh-bone ( femur) and the smallest is the stapes in the middle ear.
Bone is an independently published comic book series, written and illustrated by Jeff Smith, originally serialized in 55 irregularly released issues from 1991 to 2004.
Smith's black-and-white drawings were inspired by animated cartoons and comic strips, a notable influence being Walt Kelly's Pogo: "I was ... a big fan of Carl Barks and Pogo, so it was just natural for me to want to draw that kind of mixture of Walt Kelly and Moebius." Accordingly, the story is singularly characterized by a combination of both light-hearted comedy and dark, epic fantasy: Time has called the series "as sweeping as the Lord of the Rings cycle, but much funnier." The series was published bimonthly with some delays from June 1991 to June 2004. The series was self-published by Smith's Cartoon Books for issues #1 through #19, by Image Comics from issues #20 to #28, and back to Cartoon Books for issues #29 through #55 (the final one).
Bone has received numerous awards, among them ten Eisner Awards and eleven Harvey Awards.
A bone is a rigid connective organ that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates.
Bone may also refer to:
Bone (1972 film)
Bone, also known as Beverly Hills Nightmare, Dial Rat for Terror and Housewife, is a 1972 American film directed by Larry Cohen.
Bone (2005 film)
Bone is a 48-minute 2005 documentary about the first modern dance co-production between Canada and China, directed and choreographed by Nadine Thouin (Go-On Productions/ formerly Snell Thouin Project) in collaboration with the Beijing Modern Dance Company. The film was directed by Mila Aung-Thwin of EyeSteelFilm production company and produced by EyeSteelFilm. It had its premier at Bravo! specialty television channel.
China Times had a favorable review, saying, "In the performance of Chinese and Canadian artists, we witness a sort of artistic pulling force, which may well become the future direction of art."
''' Bône ''' is a former French département in Algeria which existed between 1955 and 1962.
Considered as a French province, Algeria was departmentalised on 9 December 1848. Three civil zones ( départements) replaced the three beyliks into which the Ottoman former rulers had divided the territory. The easternmost of the three original Algerian departments was called Constantine. For over a century the town of Annaba, known at that time as Bône (and in classical times as Hippo), was a sub-prefecture in the département of Constantine: this changed in 1955.
On 7 August 1955 the eastern extremity of the former département of Constantine was split off and became the separate département of Bône. This administrative reorganisation was a response to the rapid population increase experienced across the territory, especially during the preceding decade.
The new coastal département of Bône covered an area of 25,367 km²: a population of 730,594 was recorded. The department comprised five sub-prefectures: these were La Calle, Clairfontaine, Guelma, Souk Ahras and Tébessa. A final but temporary change took place between 17 March 1958 and 7 November 1959, during which time the Tébessa sub-prefectures was transferred to the département of Batna.
The département of Bône remained in existence until after the independence of Algeria and subsequently became Annaba Province.
Bone is a surname. Notable people with the surname Bone include:
- Adrián Bone (born 1988), Ecuadorian footballer
- Alex Bone (born 1971), Scottish footballer
- Deborah Bone (1963–2014), British mental health nurse
- Drummond Bone, British academic, expert on Byron
- Edith Bone (1889–1975), Hungarian medical professional, journalist and translator
- Edwina Bone (born 1988), Australian field hockey player
- Eleanor Bone (1911–2001), English Wiccan
- Gavin Bone (born 1964), English author and lecturer in the fields of magic and witchcraft
- Henry Pierce Bone (1779–1855), English enamel painter
- Homer Bone (1883–1970), United States federal judge and Senator from Washington
- Ian Bone (born 1947), English anarchist
- Ian Bone (author) (born 1956), Australian writer, author and novelist
- James Bone (1872–1962), British journalist and London editor of The Guardian
- Jimmy Bone (born 1949), Scottish footballer
John Bone (disambiguation), multiple people, including:
- John Bone (bishop) (1930–2014), British religious leader
- John T. Bone (born 1947), British-born actor
- John Gavin Bone (born 1914), Scottish Olympic cyclist
- Kelsey Bone (born 1991), American basketball player
- Ken Bone (born 1958), American basketball coach
- Mick Bone (born 1942), Australian rules footballer
- Muirhead Bone (1876–1953), Scottish artist
- Peter Bone (born 1952), British politician
- Philip J. Bone (1873–1964), English mandolinist and guitar play
- Phyllis Bone (1894–1972), Scottish sculptor
- Ponty Bone, American accordionist
- Randall Bone (born 1973), Australian rules footballer
- Robert Trewick Bone (1790–1840), English painter of sacred, classical and genre scenes
- Scott Cordelle Bone (1869–1936), American politician, founded Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, Governor of Alaska
- Stephen Bone (1904–1958), English artist and writer
- Tiberiu Bone (1929–1983), Romanian footballer
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Bone \Bone\ (b[=o]n; 110), n. [OE. bon, ban, AS. b[=a]n; akin to Icel. bein, Sw. ben, Dan. & D. been, G. bein bone, leg; cf. Icel. beinn straight.]
(Anat.) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone.
Note: Even in the hardest parts of bone there are many minute cavities containing living matter and connected by minute canals, some of which connect with larger canals through which blood vessels ramify.
One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; as, a rib or a thigh bone; a bone of the arm or leg; also, any fragment of bony substance. (pl.) The frame or skeleton of the body.
Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.
pl. Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.
Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.
Fig.: The framework of anything.
A bone of contention, a subject of contention or dispute.
A bone to pick, something to investigate, or to busy one's self about; a dispute to be settled (with some one).
Bone ash, the residue from calcined bones; -- used for making cupels, and for cleaning jewelry.
Bone black (Chem.), the black, carbonaceous substance into which bones are converted by calcination in close vessels; -- called also animal charcoal. It is used as a decolorizing material in filtering sirups, extracts, etc., and as a black pigment. See Ivory black, under Black.
Bone cave, a cave in which are found bones of extinct or recent animals, mingled sometimes with the works and bones of man.
Bone dust, ground or pulverized bones, used as a fertilizer.
Bone earth (Chem.), the earthy residuum after the calcination of bone, consisting chiefly of phosphate of calcium.
Bone lace, a lace made of linen thread, so called because woven with bobbins of bone.
Bone oil, an oil obtained by, heating bones (as in the manufacture of bone black), and remarkable for containing the nitrogenous bases, pyridine and quinoline, and their derivatives; -- also called Dippel's oil.
Bone setter. Same as Bonesetter. See in the Vocabulary.
Bone shark (Zo["o]l.), the basking shark.
Bone spavin. See under Spavin.
Bone turquoise, fossil bone or tooth of a delicate blue color, sometimes used as an imitation of true turquoise.
Bone whale (Zo["o]l.), a right whale.
To be upon the bones of, to attack. [Obs.]
To make no bones, to make no scruple; not to hesitate.
To pick a bone with, to quarrel with, as dogs quarrel over a bone; to settle a disagreement. [Colloq.]
Bone \Bone\ (b[=o]n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Boned (b[=o]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Boning.]
To withdraw bones from the flesh of, as in cookery. ``To bone a turkey.''
To put whalebone into; as, to bone stays.
To fertilize with bone.
To steal; to take possession of. [Slang]
Bone \Bone\, v. t. [F. bornoyer to look at with one eye, to
sight, fr. borgne one-eyed.]
To sight along an object or set of objects, to see if it or
they be level or in line, as in carpentry, masonry, and
Joiners, etc., bone their work with two straight edges.
Of an off-white colour, like the colour of bone. alt. (context uncountable English) A composite material consisting largely of calcium phosphate and collagen and making up the skeleton of most vertebrates. n. (context uncountable English) A composite material consisting largely of calcium phosphate and collagen and making up the skeleton of most vertebrates. v
1 To prepare (meat, etc) by remove the bone or bones from. 2 To fertilize with bone. 3 To put whalebone into. 4 (context civil engineering English) To make level, using a particular procedure; to survey a level line. 5 (context vulgar slang of a man English) To have sexual intercourse with. 6 (context Australia dated in Aboriginal culture English) To perform "bone pointing", a ritual that is intended to bring illness or even death to the victim. 7 (context usually with "up" English) To study. 8 To polish boots to a shiny finish. Etymology 2
vb. (context transitive slang English) To apprehend, steal. Etymology 3
vb. (context carpentry masonry surveying English) To sight along an object or set of objects to check whether they are level or in line.
adj. consisting of or made up of bone; "a bony substance"; "the bony framework of the body"
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Old English ban "bone, tusk," from Proto-Germanic *bainam (cognates: Old Frisian ben, Old Norse bein, Danish ben, German Bein). No cognates outside Germanic (the common PIE root is *os-; see osseous); the Norse, Dutch, and German cognates also mean "shank of the leg," and this is the main meaning in Modern German, but English never seems to have had this sense.
especially in bone up "study," 1880s student slang, probably from "Bohn's Classical Library," a popular series in higher education published by German-born English publisher Henry George Bohn (1796-1884) as part of a broad series of "libraries" he issued from 1846, totaling 766 volumes, continued after 1864 by G. Bell & Sons.
Usage examples of "bone".
Now that the words were out and there was no abjuration possible, she felt as if her bones were made of sand.
Another moment she could see, as if through a dirtied window, some place she knew, but had lost, and her old bones ached with wanting to be there.
The chalk had been put back over her and Granny Aching, who always said that the hills were in her bones, now had her bones in the hills.
Spasming, Acies moaned in pain as broken bones knit themselves together and bruises faded.
Though usually in such cases the growth is of an unbalanced or localized sort, as in acromegaly, where the bones of the hands or jaw become abnormally enlarged.
But with the incidence of acromegaly, the extremities continue to become enlarged, the hands and feet, the bones and cutaneous tissues of the face.
The bones exfoliated, the spine and the acromial end of the scapula came away, and a good stump was formed.
On the fifth day the line of demarcation extended to the spine of the scapula, laying bare the bone and exposing the acromion process and involving the pectoral muscles.
At the second ballet at the opera an actress dressed in a tippet held out her cap to the bones as if to beg an alms, while she was dancing a pas de deux.
The exposed bone is somewhat decalcified, and adipocere seems firmly established throughout.
El sprang back, gagging, but the bones and the horrible puddle that had been Nadrathen were already afire, blazing from within.
Honorius the afrit leaped upon the bonnet of the car, femurs akimbo, hands on hip bones, skull cocked at a jaunty angle.
To understand what the aging process does to your bones, think about what termites do to a house.
With a deer rib bone whose end she had hollowed out to make a small depression, she fed him the agrimony concentration in small sips sometime near midnight.
I do your errand, for you are like two kelpies from the river, and will have ague in your bones in another hour.