Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated.
The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor; however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision.
The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from automaton), was not widely used before 1947, when General Motors established an automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s.
Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques.
Automations is the process of self-reliability. Automation can also refer to:
Automation (video game)
Automation is a video game from Camshaft Software for Microsoft Windows that allows the player to create a virtual car company complete with products (vehicles).
The game currently in development allows design, creation and testing of various vehicle platforms along with creating custom drivetrains. More features will become available closer to full release date.
There are three components to the game: engine design, car design, and a tycoon simulator. The engine design component was released first in order to drive demand for pre-orders and fund the development of the rest of the game. As of April 2014, it had sold 10,000 pre-orders. In April 2015, pre-orders reached 25,000. It is available as a standalone application and via Steam.
n. the act of implementing the control of equipment with advanced technology; usually involving electronic hardware; "automation replaces human workers by machines" [syn: mechanization, mechanisation]
the condition of being automatically operated or controlled; "automation increases productivity"
equipment used to achieve automatic control or operation; "this factory floor is a showcase for automation and robotic equipment"
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1948, in the manufacturing sense, coined by Ford Motor Co. Vice President Delmar S. Harder, from automatic + -ion. Earlier (1838) was automatism, which meant "quality of being automatic" in the classical sense.
n. The act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls.
Usage examples of "automation".
Most of the work could be done by machines, but there were judgment calls that eluded the best automation, and that no one had ever bothered to make remotes for.
From watching their fleet operations, it was clear that they had some special cleverness with automation and systems planning.
Hell, if we could control our automation properly we could house three thousand in this balloon.
The head-up display automation painted appropriate reflections and shadows.
As he looked around, the automation tracked his head motion and the images slid past almost as smoothly as if the documents were real objects floating in his room.
While Xin and Liao and Silipan led fully conscious lives, Xopi Reung was part of the automation in the walls, unseen except for the occasional peculiar circumstance.
An outside view, a new automation, that was something the Qeng Ho could supply.
But the last food shipment had been saved, the outer system agri automation restarted, and there was enough food for the two billion survivors on Tarelsk.
The automation of Namqem had been trashed, and was operating at perhaps ten percent of its pre-debacle efficiency.
Podmaster Nau provided the vision, but it was my work with system automation that guided the implementation.
Focus, an automation deep enough and smart enough to manage an inter-stellar civilization.
Now Accord Intelligence had better eyes and ears and automation, and the CCC itself was scarcely bigger than a conference room.
Beyond all automation and subtlety, L1-A would give the Podmaster back his absolute power.
Qeng Ho automation could be adapted to the hybrid jumble that remained at L1.
They want to destroy modern technology and return to the days before automation and computerization, when all of the labor force was needed in production, distribution, and services.