Augur can refer to:
The augur was a priest and official in the classical Roman world. His main role was the practice of augury, interpreting the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society—public or private—including matters of war, commerce, and religion.
The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices, that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Augur \Au"gur\, v. t. To predict or foretell, as from signs or omens; to betoken; to presage; to infer.
It seems to augur genius.
--Sir W. Scott.
I augur everything from the approbation the proposal
has met with.
--J. F. W. Herschel.
Syn: To predict; forebode; betoken; portend; presage; prognosticate; prophesy; forewarn.
Augur \Au"gur\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Augured; p. pr. & vb. n. Auguring.]
To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow.
My auguring mind assures the same success.
To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue; as, to augur well or ill.
Augur \Au"gur\, n. [L. Of uncertain origin: the first part of the word is perh. fr. L. avis bird, and the last syllable, gur, equiv. to the Skr. gar to call, akin to L. garrulus garrulous.]
(Rom. Antiq.) An official diviner who foretold events by the singing, chattering, flight, and feeding of birds, or by signs or omens derived from celestial phenomena, certain appearances of quadrupeds, or unusual occurrences.
One who foretells events by omens; a soothsayer; a diviner; a prophet.
Augur of ill, whose tongue was never found Without a priestly curse or boding sound.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1540s, from Latin augur, a religious official in ancient Rome who foretold events by interpreting omens, perhaps originally meaning "an increase in crops enacted in ritual," in which case it probably is from Old Latin *augos (genitive *augeris) "increase," and is related to augere "increase" (see augment). The more popular theory is that it is from Latin avis "bird," because the flights, singing, and feeding of birds, along with entrails from bird sacrifices, were important objects of divination (compare auspicious). In that case, the second element would be from garrire "to talk."
c.1600, from augur (n.). Related: Augured; auguring.
n. 1 A diviner who foretells events by the behaviour of birds or other animals, or by signs derived from celestial phenomena, or unusual occurrences. 2 (context Ancient Rome English) An official who interpreted omens before the start of public events. vb. 1 To foretell events; to exhibit signs of future events. 2 To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue.
Usage examples of "augur".
Talking of Serviliuses and getting back to the grain shortage, Servilius the Augur continues to do abysmally in Sicily.
Donna Ignazia was in such a state of ecstasy that I felt her trembling, and augured well for my amorous projects.
Ritsem Caid, son of Ritsem Serno, ruler, scholar, augur and defender that all his domain may call on.
I saw the face of the fair shopwoman light up, and I augured well for my success, though I could not expect to do much while the honeymoon lasted.
Lex Ogulnia, increasing the number of the Pontiffs and Augurs, and enacting that a certain number of them should be taken from the Plebeians 51 339.
Cyrus Harding shook his head with the air of a man who augured no good from the phenomenon whose development had been so sudden.
I thought her behaviour augured well, and I hoped she would not make me languish long.
Behind the three Flavians, the full mass of the army now came marching in: line after line of standard-bearers, trumpeters, baton-wielding officers in tall crimson crests, augurs, engineers, then the endless ranks of foot sloggers six deep, swinging along in the easy tramp that had taken the legions effortlessly throughout the world.
A slim but shapely mollusc known as Terebellum or augur, to mention another conceited little disturber of your meditations, stands on its spire in the sand, and screws as you tread, cutting, a delightfully symmetrical hole in the sole of your foot, and retaining the core--perfect as that of a diamond drill.
Now covertly, the customers observed the three visitors, squinting sideways, as the urisk had augured.
Even if destitute of any formal or official enunciation of those important truths, which even in a cultivated age it was often found inexpedient to assert except under a veil of allegory, and which moreover lose their dignity and value in proportion as they are learned mechanically as dogmas, the shows of the Mysteries certainly contained suggestions if not lessons, which in the opinion not of one competent witness only, but of many, were adapted to elevate the character of the spectators, enabling them to augur something of the purposes of existence, as well as of the means of improving it, to live better and to die happier.
Through the absurd extravagances of poets and augurs, and through the growth of critical thought, this unbelief went on increasing from the days of Anaxagoras, when it was death to call the sun a ball of fire, to the days of Catiline, when Julius Casar could be chosen Pontifex Maximus, almost before the Senate had ceased to reverberate his voice openly asserting that death was the utter end of man.
It took control of membership in the priestly colleges of pontifices and augurs away from the incumbent members, who had traditionally co-opted new members.
It specified that new pontifices and augurs must be elected by a tribal Assembly comprising seventeen of the thirty-five tribes chosen by lot.
Until this law, pontifices and augurs were co-opted by the College members.