Apollo ( Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: , Apollōn ; Doric: , Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: , Apeilōn; Aeolic: , Aploun; ) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, poetry, and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.
As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing are associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague. Amongst the god's custodial charges, Apollo became associated with dominion over colonists, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. As the leader of the Muses (Apollon Musegetes) and director of their choir, Apollo functioned as the patron god of music and poetry. Hermes created the lyre for him, and the instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. Hymns sung to Apollo were called paeans.
In Hellenistic times, especially during the 3rd century BCE, as Apollo Helios he became identified among Greeks with Helios, Titan god of the sun, and his sister Artemis similarly equated with Selene, Titan goddess of the moon. In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the 1st century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215). Apollo and Helios/Sol remained separate beings in literary and mythological texts until the 3rd century CE.
Apollo is a Greek and Roman god of music, healing, light, prophecy and enlightenment.
Apollo may also refer to:
Apollo (1910 automobile)
Category:Brass Era vehicles Category:Defunct motor vehicle manufacturers of Germany
Apollo (1971 automobile)
The Apollo was an English car produced for personal use by one Allen Pearce in Hornchurch, London between 1971 and 1972.
The Can-Am racer-inspired gull wing doored sports car was a glass fibre bodied vehicle based on the Volkswagen Beetle, and was originally intended purely for Pearce's own use but nearly entered production as a kitcar in 1972.
It should not be confused with the Buick Apollo, a cousin of the Chevrolet Nova.
Category:Sports cars Category:One-off automobiles
The Apollo or Mountain Apollo (Parnassius apollo), is a butterfly of the Papilionidae family.
Apollo is a fictional character, a comic book superhero who first appeared in the Stormwatch series, but is best known for his role in The Authority. While visually distinct, Apollo is cast in the mould of the Superman archetype.
Apollo is notable for being among the first openly gay superheroes in print, although several years behind Marvel Comics' Northstar. He married fellow The Authority member Midnighter and both adopted Jenny Quantum.
The Apollo spacecraft was composed of three parts designed to accomplish the American Apollo program's goal of landing astronauts on the Moon by the end of the 1960s and returning them safely to Earth. The expendable (single-use) spacecraft consisted of a combined Command/Service Module (CSM) and a Lunar Module (LM). Two additional components complemented the spacecraft stack for space vehicle assembly: a Spacecraft Lunar Module Adapter (SLA) designed to shield the LM from the aerodynamic stress of launch, and to connect the CSM to the Saturn launch vehicle; and a Launch Escape System (LES) to carry the crew in the Command Module safely away from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch emergency.
The design was based on the Lunar Orbit Rendezvous approach: two docked spacecraft were sent to the Moon and went into lunar orbit. While the LM separated and landed, the CSM remained in orbit. After the lunar excursion, the two craft rendezvoused and docked in lunar orbit, and the CSM returned the crew to Earth. The Command Module was the only part of the space vehicle that returned with the crew to the Earth's surface.
The LES was jettisoned during launch upon reaching the point where it was no longer needed, and the SLA remained attached to the launch vehicle's upper stage. Two unmanned CSM's, one unmanned LM and one manned CSM were carried into space by Saturn IB launch vehicles for low Earth orbit Apollo missions. Larger Saturn Vs launched two unmanned CSM's on high Earth orbit test flights, the CSM on one manned lunar mission, the complete spacecraft on one manned low Earth orbit mission and eight manned lunar missions. After conclusion of the Apollo program, four CSM's were launched on Saturn IBs for three Skylab Earth orbital missions and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
Apollo (1962 automobile)
Engineered by Milt Brown and designed by Ron Plescia, it featured Italian handmade aluminum bodywork with a choice between two-seater convertible or fastback styles. Power came from a or Buick engine to a 4-speed manual. The company, International Motor Cars, built 42 cars before suspending production while seeking new financing. IMC allowed the sale of body/chassis units to Vanguard Motors in Dallas, Texas to produce cars under the Vetta Ventura name and these were made until 1966 by Vanguard Inc of Dallas, Texas. This was a stop-gap measure to keep the carrozzeria (body producer) Intermeccanica in business until new backers were found.
Apollo is an enormous impact crater located in the southern hemisphere on the far side of the Moon. This formation dwarfs the large crater Oppenheimer that is located next to the western rim. The crater Barringer lies across the northern wall. To the southeast is the crater Anders, and Kleymenov is just to the east of the rim.
Apollo is a double-ringed walled plain (or basin) whose inner ring is roughly half the diameter of the outer wall. Both the outer wall and the interior have been heavily worn and eroded by subsequent impacts, so that significant parts of the outer and inner walls now consist of irregular and incised sections of mountainous arcs.
The interior floor is covered in a multitude of craters of various sizes. Several of the more notable craters have received names. The IAU used the eponyms of people associated with the Apollo program when designating some of these formations.
Sections of Apollo's interior have been resurfaced with lava, leaving patches of the floor with a lower albedo than the surroundings. There is a large patch of this lunar mare in the middle part of the inner ring, which contains some ray system markings. A long stretch of the mare lies along the southern part of the crater. There is also a smaller section near the western rim.
basin topo.jpg|Topographic map basin GRAIL gravity.jpg|Gravity map based on GRAIL
Apollo (Battlestar Galactica)
Apollo is the name of a couple of characters in the Battlestar Galactica universe:
Apollo is a widely respected English-language monthly magazine covering visual arts of all periods, from antiquity to the present day.
Apollo (Nebula album)
Apollo is a 2006 album by stoner rock band Nebula. Some enhanced copies of the CD include a video of Nebula playing the song "Future Days" live in Japan.
Apollo (Marvel Comics)
Apollo is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Apollo is the God of Light in the Olympian pantheon, and also the god of music, poetry, medicine, and the sciences.
Apollo (1906 automobile)
The Apollo was made by the Chicago Recording Scale Company, of Waukegan, Illinois, from 1906 to 1907. The only model by that manufacturer was a five-seater with a Roi-des-Belges body. Power came from a water-cooled four-cylinder engine by way of a three-speed transmission and shaft drive.
Category:Vintage vehicles Category:Defunct motor vehicle manufacturers of the United States
Apollo (1879–1887) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. He won 24 races in his career, including the 1882 Kentucky Derby.
Apollo is the only horse to win the Kentucky Derby without having raced as a 2-year-old.
Apollo was injured as a five-year-old and was retired from racing. He was given to a friend of Morris' wife that lived in Charleston for use as a saddle horse.
Apollo (cable system)
Apollo is an optical submarine communications cable system crossing the Atlantic Ocean, owned by Apollo Submarine Cable System Ltd (a joint venture between Cable & Wireless Worldwide and Alcatel). It consists of 2 segments North and South, creating two fully diverse transatlantic paths.
In early 2006, Level 3 Communications announced its purchase of 300 Gbit/s of capacity between Apollo North and Apollo South with an option to purchase up 300 Gbit/s of future capacity. This acquisition gives Level 3 a transatlantic path that does not pass through either London or New York City, which is desirable to carriers due to network diversity concerns. This purchase represents the single largest transaction of sub-sea capacity in history without laying new cable.
Apollo (originally Apollon musagète and variously known as Apollo musagetes, Apolo Musageta, and Apollo, Leader of the Muses) is a ballet in two tableaux composed between 1927 and 1928 by Igor Stravinsky. It was choreographed in 1928 by twenty-four-year-old George Balanchine, with the composer contributing the libretto. The scenery and costumes were designed by André Bauchant, with new costumes by Coco Chanel in 1929. The scenery was executed by Alexander Shervashidze, with costumes under the direction of Mme. A. Youkine. The American patron of the arts Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge had commissioned the ballet in 1927 for a festival of contemporary music to be held the following year at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.
The story centres on Apollo, the Greek god of music, who is visited by three Muses: Terpsichore, muse of dance and song; Polyhymnia, muse of mime; and Calliope, muse of poetry. The ballet takes Classical antiquity as its subject, though its plot suggests a contemporary situation. It is concerned with the reinvention of tradition, since its inspiration is " classique" or even post-baroque. It uses a chamber orchestra with 34 string instruments (22.214.171.124.4).
Apollo was an American R&B/ disco group that recorded for Motown in the late 1970s. They are best known as the band of future music executives Benny Medina and Kerry Gordy.
Apollo is a web-based project-management and customer relationship management (CRM) software application developed by Applicom. Apollo was launched as public beta in 2010; it was formally released (out of beta) on the 11th of April 2011.
Apollo has received considerable coverage for the fact that it's a one-page AJAX application based on the Dojo toolkit.
The Apollo is a historic storeship that is buried at a location in downtown San Francisco, California. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. Parts of the ship have been uncovered, most recently in 1921 and 1925. Photographs from the 1921 uncovering exist. The 1925 excavation revealed coins from 1797, 1825, and 1840, a gold nugget, and assorted navigational pieces. One of numerous buried ships within San Francisco, it is an archeological site, listed at least partially for its potential to yield information in the future.
The Apollo is a former French music-hall venue located at 20 rue de Clichy in the 9th arrondissement of Paris.
Apollo (System Copernicus)
Apollo (System Copernicus) is a stained glass window, designed by Stanisław Wyspiański for the Medical Society in Krakow, from 1904.
Etymology 1 n. 1 (context Greek god Roman god English): The son of Zeus and Leto, (or Jupiter and Latona), and the twin brother of Artemis, (or Diana). ''Oxford Dictionary of World Mythology'', Arthur Cotterell, Oxford University Press, 1986 He was the god of light, music, medicine, and poetry; ''Webster's College Dictionary'', Random House, 2001 and prophecy, dance, manly beauty, and more. 2 (context astronomy English) The planet Mercury, when observed as a Morning Star. 3 (context astronomy English) Short for (w: 1862 Apollo), an (w: Apollo asteroid). 4 A United States space program, and the vehicles it created, used for human travel to the moon. 5 (context with “the” English) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo%20Theater, a music hall in New York City associated with African-American performers. 6 The butterfly ''Parnassius apollo'', a large swallowtail with black and red spots on white wings). 7 A very handsome young man. 8 ''A male given name.'' 9 ''A placename.'' Etymology 2
n. (context astronomy English) An asteroid possessing an orbit that crosses the orbit of the Earth and an orbital period of over one year, with semimajor axis greater than 1 AU, and perihelion distances less than 1.017 AU.
Apollo, PA -- U.S. borough in Pennsylvania
Housing Units (2000): 856
Land area (2000): 0.316472 sq. miles (0.819658 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.034420 sq. miles (0.089148 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.350892 sq. miles (0.908806 sq. km)
FIPS code: 02720
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 40.584103 N, 79.564363 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 15613
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Apollo \A*pol"lo\, n. [L. Apollo, -linis, Gr. ?.] (Classic Myth.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the ``sun god''), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; -- called also Ph['e]bus.
The Apollo Belvedere, a celebrated statue of Apollo in the Belvedere gallery of the Vatican palace at Rome, esteemed of the noblest representations of the human frame.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Olympian deity, god of music, poetry, medicine, etc., later identified with Helios, the sun god; the name is a Latin form of Greek Apollon, said to be perhaps related to an obsolete Greek verb meaning "to drive away" (evil, etc.) [Klein, citing Usener].
Usage examples of "apollo".
Her father prays for help to Apollo, who sends a plague that devastates the Achaean camp.
And all day long they appeased the god with song, raising a ringing hymn to the distant archer god who drives away the plague, those young Achaean warriors singing out his power, and Apollo listened, his great heart warm with joy.
The petitions which were offered on the altars of Jupiter or Apollo, expressed the anxiety of their worshippers for temporal happiness, and their ignorance or indifference concerning a future life.
Lycophron, who was of Egypt, and skilled in antient terms, styles Calchas, who was the priest of Apollo, a swan.
Gentle breezes from the tower of Aiolas wafted them high above warm, scented seas, till suddenly they came upon Zeus, holding court upon double-headed Parnassus, his golden throne flanked by Apollo and the Muses on the right hand, and by ivy-wreathed Dionysus and pleasure-flushed Bacchae on the left hand.
Gentle breezes from the tower of Aiolas wafted them high above warm, scented seas, till suddenly they came upon Zeus, holding court upon double-headed Parnassus, his golden throne flanked by Apollo and the Muses on the right hand, and by ivy-wreathed Dionysus and pleasure--flushed Bacchae on the left hand.
Apollo was about to speak again when laser blasts erupted all around them, lighting up the starfield just ahead and to either side of his Viper.
They let off a barrage of laser blasts that went wide as their ships continued on past Apollo.
Apollo had simply phased back into reality, and the quantum-shifted laser blasts no longer existed in the same dimension as his Viper.
Prolonging all the external lines of the Hexagon, which also it includes, we have six smaller triangles, whose bases cut each other in the central point of the Tetractys, itself always the symbol of the generative power of the Universe, the Sun, Brahma, Osiris, Apollo, Bel, and the Deity Himself.
Sun personified as Brahma, Mithras, Osiris, Bel, Adonai, Apollo, etc, 594-u.
The bronzesmith god of fire gave it to Zeus to bear and strike fear in men and Apollo gripped it now, locked in his two fists as he led the Trojans on.
Green Silverhill Columbella Sea Jade Black Amber Seven Tears for Apollo Window on the Square Blue Fire Thunder Heights The Moonflower Skye Cameron The Trembling Hills The Quicksilver Pool The Red Carnelian For Julie Fallowfield, for so many years my friend, agent, and counselor.
Priene Marbles, including the Venus from Ostia, the Discobolos, Giustiniani Apollo, Clytie, and so forth.
Apollo dragged at the dregs of the punch bowl with the ladle, observed a dead roach floating among the spices, and thoughtfully handed the first cup to Brother Claret as the clerk approached.