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Aphid

Aphids, also known as plant lice and in Britain and the Commonwealth as greenflies, blackflies, or whiteflies (not to be confused with " jumping plant lice" or true whiteflies), are small sap-sucking insects, and members of the superfamilyAphidoidea. Many species are green but other commonly occurring species may be white and wooly or black. Aphids are among the most destructive insect pests on cultivated plants in temperate regions. The damage they do to plants has made them enemies of farmers and gardeners the world over. From a zoological standpoint they are a highly successful group of organisms. Their success is due in part to the asexual reproductive capabilities of some species.

About 4,400 species are known, all included in the family Aphididae. Around 250 species are serious pests for agriculture and forestry as well as an annoyance for gardeners. They vary in length from .

Natural enemies include predatory ladybugs, hoverfly larvae, parasitic wasps, aphid midge larvae, crab spiders, lacewings, and entomopathogenic fungi such as Lecanicillium lecanii and the Entomophthorales.

Aphid (disambiguation)

An aphid is a type of sap-feeding insect.

Aphid may also refer to:

  • Aphid, the NATO reporting name for the Soviet/Russian Molniya R-60 air-to-air missile
  • Lake Storm "Aphid", the National Weather Service name for a snowstorm that hit Buffalo, New York October 12-13, 2006
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

aphid

noun
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ An hour and there was a speck of yellow on the horizon as tiny as an aphid.
▪ Ants often farm colonies of aphids on garden plants, feeding off their honeydew, while protecting the aphids from predators.
▪ Beneficial predators: Insect allies that kill off pests like aphids.
▪ Foliar feedings of fish emulsion are said to control aphids while providing organic nutrients.
▪ Some of the alders held overwintering white patches of woolly aphids on their gray stems.
▪ The aphids of Chapter 10 could be seen as paying out nectar to hire professional bodyguards.
▪ They are often used in large numbers by farmers to control aphids, scales and mites.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

aphid

1884, anglicized from Modern Latin aphides, plural of aphis, coined by Linnaeus (1758), though where he got it and why he applied it to the plant louse are mysteries. The theory favored by OED as "least improbable" is that it derives from the Greek apheides "unsparing, lavishly bestowed," in reference either to the "prodigious rate of production" of the insects or their voracity. They also are known as ant-cows.

WordNet

aphid

n. any of various small plant-sucking insects

Wiktionary

aphid

n. sapsucking pest insect of the superfamily ''Aphidoidea''; an aphidian.

The Collaborative International Dictionary

Aphid

Aphid \A"phid\, n. (Zo["o]l.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.

Usage examples of "aphid".

It contains allyl sulfide compounds which are decidedly unhealthy for aphids and caterpillars.

This ant-lion charged into the placidly feeding aphids on the milkweed plant.

Even organisms as complex as insects can in some cases give birth to parthenogenetic young and, in the case of aphids, for instance, do so as a matter of course.

Ants marched up and down its stalk in a steady, single file, placing aphids from the ant-city on suitable spots to feed, and to multiply as only parthenogenic aphids can do.

These oils work particularly well on mealybugs, aphids, scale insects, mites, Whiteflies, psyllids, and eggs of other pests like leaf rollers and fruit tree moths.

For instance, one tiny wasp, aphelinus mail, goes after woolly aphids and very little else.

It can be used as a contact and stomach poison as well as a repellent against flies, roaches, aphids, fleas, thrips, leafhoppers, Whiteflies and some kinds of beetles.

This causes a very high nitrogen content, which plant-sucking pests like mealybugs, aphids and scale insects thrive on.

These oils work particularly well on mealybugs, aphids, scale insects, mites, Whiteflies, psyllids, and eggs of other pests like leaf rollers and fruit tree moths.

Other predators include parasitic wasps, aphid lions, predaceous mites and syrphid flies.

They are particularly effective on aphids, earwigs, leaf hoppers, sawflies, leaf miners, spider mites, thrips, scale and Whiteflies.

Farmers battled Terran immigrants like tarnished plant bugs, sawflies, wooly aphids, coddling moths, leafrollers, lesser apple worms, and the arch enemy: plum curculio.

If a plant is seriously infested, particularly with aphids or spider mites, the soapy water swirl bath is the treatment of choice.

Is that brown worm on your rosebuds really a threat to the perfect flower you hoped to get, or is it a hoverfly larva hunting down the rose aphids alighting from the sky?

This has been used experimentally on a small commercial scale with good effects on cabbage moths, cabbage aphids and cabbage white butterflies.